Illgill Head is a fell in the English Lake
District and is known more commonly as the northern portion of the
Wastwater Screes. The fell is 609 metres high and stands along the
south-east shore of Wast Water, the deepest lake in England.
The panorama of the Wastwater Screes across Wast Water is one of the
most famous and awe-inspiring views in England. Poet Norman Nicholson
described the Screes as "like the inverted arches of a Gothic
The title Wastwater Screes applies to the
scree-covered north-western fellside which plunges dramatically down
into Wast Water. This also includes Illgill Head's neighbour Whin Rigg,
the continuation of the ridge to the south-west.
The scree slope
continues beneath the lake to a depth of 79 metres.
were formed as a result of ice and weathering erosion on the rocks.
Geologically, Illgill Head and Whin Rigg are part of the Borrowdale
Volcanic Group, typical for the southern-western area of the Lake
In marked contrast to the north-western slope, the
opposite flank of the fell, which descends to Burnmoor Tarn and
Miterdale is much gentler and covered in heather and bracken.
summit is a flat sheepwalk, giving no clue to the drama of the Screes.
North west from the cairn the grassy plateau gradually tilts, until a
few yards away it simply disappears over the brink.
is a fine viewpoint for Wasdale Head, the surrounding fells all
appearing as they soar up from the dalehead. Nearer views, with care,
are possible down the Screes themselves.
Illgill Head is commonly
ascended from Wasdale Head over the north-eastern shoulder of the fell,
skirting the edge of the Screes. There is also an ascent from Boot in
Eskdale either over Whin Rigg or direct via Burnmoor Tarn.
lakeside path along the south-eastern shore of Wast Water starts at
Wasdale Head Hall and continues through the boulder field with
exhilarating close-up views of the Screes.