Green Crag is a fell in the English Lake District
situated between Eskdale and the Duddon valley in the Southern Fells.
The headwaters of Eskdale and the Duddon are separated by a ridge
falling south west from the summit of Crinkle Crags. This line of high
ground continues over many twists and turns for 15 miles, finally
meeting the sea on the slopes of Black Combe.
From Crinkle Crags
the first fells on this ridge are Hard Knott, Harter Fell and Green
Green Crag is the highest of a series of rocky tops which
stand out from the Birker Fell moorland. Running from north to south
these outcrops present a fine serrated skyline when viewed from Eskdale.
Birker Fell itself is roughly square and about two miles across,
with Eskdale to the north and the River Duddon to the south.
Above the wooded valley of Eskdale there is a skirt of crags before the
open moor is reached. Over this edge tumble the waterfalls of Stanley
Force and Birker Force, the former easily reached by made paths from the
The farmers of Eskdale once extracted peat from the plateau
and the remains of graded paths and peat huts can still be found on the
fellside. On this flank the remains of Gate Gill iron mine can also be
found. Haematite was won from a number of levels here in the 1880s.
The Duddon flanks have shallower gradients, divided by dry stone
walls into long strips of pasture land. This rough grazing supports a
series of farms along the valley between Ulpha and Seathwaite.
the east of Green Crag is a marshy depression before the ground rises
again to Harter Fell.
The western boundary is formed by the
Birker Fell Road, an unenclosed route from Ulpha to Eskdale Green with
fine views of the Scafells. Summiting at 885 ft with hairpin climbs at
either end, the road is frequently closed in winter by snow and ice.
Beyond the road the moorland climbs via Seat How to the summit of
Yoadcastle. From here it turns south, forming a more definite ridge on
the long march to Black Combe.
The high point of the fell lies on
a line of tors which break through the peat and fell grass toward the
east of the plateau.
Travelling south from the Eskdale rim the
tops are Kepple Crag, Great Whinscale, Crook Crag (1,538 ft), Green Crag
and White How. The crest then turns west toward the Fell Road, passing
over Great Worm Crag (1,400 ft), considered by some to be a separate
To the west of the summit ridge is Low Birker Pool, a tarn
which feeds Birker Force. This shallow water body is contained by a low
ridge and overlooked by Tarn Crag.
The summit of Green Crag is
composed of naked rock and the ordinary walker will only find access
from the north or west, mild scrambling being required.
from the small cairn on the summit gives a fine prospect of the southern
fells, together with a sight of the sea due south.
Green Crag can
be climbed from the Birker Fell Road where there are some suitable
off-road spaces for parking.
From Eskdale the best access is via
the sled gate (i.e. path used for dragging peat on sleds), which climbs
near Birker Force.
The plateau can also be reached in the
vicinity of Kepple Crag. From the Duddon there are waymarked paths
through the conifer plantations, beginning at the various Forestry car
routes near Green Crag